(This post first appeared on Springfield-Armory.com)

What do you think of when you hear the term “midsize?”

My personal definition? It’s larger than the smallest and smaller than the largest. Yeah, I know it’s a smarty-pants answer. But it is a good way to define it.

Midsize pistols are among the most popular in the handgun market because they offer a greater range of versatility than either full-size or sub-compacts. But since there are so many midsize pistols from which to choose, you have to base your purchase decision on what you want to use your pistol for.

To illustrate this point, let me show you how I evaluate two of Springfield Armory®’s flagship midsize pistols in a head-to-head comparison. 

The two pistols that I’ll compare are the 1911 Range Officer® (RO) Champion™ and the XD-S®4.0″ pistol.

Here are the major considerations I will use to evaluate these models. They may differ from yours:

  1. Performance in a competition environment: I don’t care if it is concealable or light or easy to carry. I don’t care if it is inexpensive or easy to operate. I just want it to allow me to achieve my highest score possible.
  2. Versatility: This may be the most important factor for my midsize pistol. Namely, “do it all.” I want a gun with high performance but is still light and small enough to carry, to be both concealable and still fun to fire hundreds of rounds through on a range day.
  3. Concealability: At the opposite end of the competition spectrum, its only purpose is to be the easiest thing I can carry discreetly. I will gladly give up a little shootability to be able to have it when I need it.

Between these two very different formats of midsize guns, it’s important to remember that each has its own strengths. To help figure out which might be the best, I evaluated each pistol with the following criteria:

  1. Intended purpose – Ease of use, comfort, versatility, etc.

  2. Rating – I scored 1-10 on each intended use and averaged the ratings.
  3. Category  I broke their ratings into two categories – measurable specifications and subjective preferences.

Here are the specific parameters by which I will judge:

  1. Size and weight based on the spec sheets: When it comes to concealment and carry, smaller is better; bigger is usually better for everything else.
  2. Outright performance based on speed and accuracy: I look at how well it shoots andhow well I can shoot it. They are not always the same thing.
  3. Fulfillment of my priorities:
    • Priority No. 1 – Recreation
    • Priority No. 2 – Defense
    • Priority No. 3 – Concealment

My plan is to use my new midsize pistol for many things, but I have prioritized it mainly for recreation – meaning sport, competition and range practice.

This won’t be my default, everyday concealment gun. For me, that is an XD-S® 3.3“, but this gun must still fulfill the concealment role. It also won’t be my daily competition or range gun, which is an XD(M)® 5.25″ or 5″ 1911.

SEE ALSO: XD-S® Single Stack Summer 

My second primary usage for this gun is an all-around defense role – meaning personal, home and auto. To fulfill this requirement, the pistol I choose needs to be portable, light and compact. Conveniantly moving around between vehicle, open and concealment carry whenever needed.

Let’s start by evaluating the size and weight from Springfield Armory®‘s spec sheets on both pistols. 



After comparing the weights and sizes, it’s clear the XD-S® 4.0″ is shorter, thinner and lighter and the hands-down winner for concealed carry.

The 1911 Range Officer® Champion™ 4″ is taller, wider and heavier and has a higher magazine capacity, which usually helps a gun’s performance on the “competition side.”

Many people may very well make their decisions on these criteria alone. But I also consider the following aspects.


Before we jump into my subjective rankings, here’s a little info on how I went about evaluating each of these areas. I start with the intended purpose and create specific criteria with which to judge and establish a kind of “matrix” to compare subjective rankings around areas that I feel are important.

Each area receives a 1-10 rating (10 being the highest) on each subject. I total the scores at the end and compare.

Your ratings might be different from mine, but here’s what I put together. 

Based on performance testing of both guns, I’ve managed to get a feel for each guns strengths.

So where do both pistols fall within my personal evaluation priorities?

  1. Recreation: I score a little better with the 1911 Range Officer® Champion™ in a competition environment.
  2. Defense: It’s a tie – I can’t make up my mind on this one, as both do some things better than the other.
  3. Concealment: An easy win for the XD-S® – it’s smaller, flatter and lighter and packs the same punch.

When it comes to slow-fire accuracy, the guns are equals. They both are very accurate. The 1911 Range Officer® Champion™ is just as accurate as the standard bearer in performance, our full-size 5″1911’s.  The XD-S® is exceptional for such a compact, small gun. It may be the standard bearer for accuracy in a super small fulll caliber pistol. I’ve never seen anything else this small shoot so well.

For me, the difference comes down to size.

The larger grip of the 1911 Range Officer® Champion™ makes it easier to manipulate, which plays nicely in a competition setting where fractions of a second matter. Also, the added weight and size of the 1911 Range Officer® Champion™ make it my winner.


If you prioritize carry or concealment… go with the XD-S® 4.0″

If you prioritize competition… go with the 1911 Range Officer® Champion™.

I made my own personal matrix to subjectively rate each gun. I suggest you do the same, prioritizing what is most important to you, and see which comes out on top.

This much is for certain – both are excellent pistols. You can’t make a wrong choice.